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You are currently using the Flash-version of the chat: it's fully featured and optimized.If you are unhappy with the way Flash Player is functioning on your computer, please try switching to the HTML-5 site version by pressing on the "rocker". A sweeping review found no evidence that rehabilitation programs were reducing recidivism rates. criminology largely abandoned the idea of rehabilitation.Further, Martinson derided the theory of “crime as a social phenomena,” arguing that rehabilitative strategies “have on occasion become, and have the potential for becoming, so draconian as to offend the moral order of a democratic society.” He also worried that rehabilitation implied releasing those who have little risk of re-offending, but keeping high-risk criminals locked up so that they might be rehabilitated.He wrote:“A middle-class banker who kills his adulterous wife in a moment of passion is a ‘low risk’ criminal; a juvenile delinquent in the ghetto who commits armed robbery has, statically, a much higher probability of committing another crime.This scholarship fueled a wave of reforms that shifted the juvenile justice system away from rehabilitation and toward other goals like deterrence and incapacitation. The 736 pages was the result of a six month effort to comb through every good study they could find about rehabilitation. This was their conclusion: “With few exceptions, the rehabilitative efforts that have been reported so far have no appreciable effect on recidivism.”Robert Martinson (1974) wrote a summary of that book, in which he examined every conceivable program that might help to reduce recidivism.In 1966, the Governor of New York gave Robert Martinson, Douglas Lipton and Judith Wilkes one huge task: figure out what needs to be done to enable prisons to actually rehabilitate prisoners. The results, as he presented them, were depressing.

In their review, he and his colleagues found no evidence that treatment outside the prison was any more effective than treatment in prison.Please press on the "rocker" to enable Flash for your browser.You can also lock-release Flash by pressing on the "puzzle" icon in the top right corner of your browser.He called it “an unexamined assumption” that is “about to lose its privileged status as the unthinking axiom of public policy.” In 1975, he went on 60 Minutes and reiterated this message.Cullen says Martinson’s work was soon after “reified,” creating a widely accepted “nothing works doctrine” (Cullen 2005).

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