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Historians such as Gérard Prunier believe that the 1994 genocide can be partly attributed to population density.
In the 1980s, a group of 500 Rwandan refugees in Uganda, led by Fred Rwigyema, fought with the rebel National Resistance Army (NRA) in the Ugandan Bush War, which saw Yoweri Museveni overthrow Milton Obote.
Large Rwandan Hutu and Tutsi populations continue to live as refugees throughout the region.
Today, Rwanda has two public holidays mourning the genocide.
The genocide had a lasting and profound impact on Rwanda and its neighboring countries.
The pervasive use of rape as a weapon of war caused a spike in HIV infection, including babies born of rape to newly infected mothers; many households were headed by orphaned children or widows.
In the lead-up to the genocide the number of machetes imported into Rwanda increased.At 408 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,060/sq mi), Rwanda's population density is among the highest in Africa.Rwanda's population had increased from 1.6 million people in 1934 to 7.1 million in 1989, leading to competition for land.was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority government.An estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Rwandans were killed during the 100-day period from 7 April to mid-July 1994, The genocide and widespread slaughter of Rwandans ended when the Tutsi-backed and heavily armed Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) led by Paul Kagame took control of the country.