Dating shakespeares plays gilvary book
Malone’s initial Shakespeare achievement was his essay , divided Shakespeare’s career into four periods, based on what he deemed appropriate to the playwright’s age and mood, a division that Shakespeare academics still widely affirm. Chambers thoroughly reviewed the full scope of dating research in his , published in 1930, and laid out a chronology derived largely from Malone and Dowden.
Dowden vastly expanded on Malone’s use of stylistic data, like frequency of rhyme, to support his chronology with statistics. Of the 36 plays in the First Folio, Chambers’s dating exactly matches Malone’s on 14 plays and deviates from it by only one year on eight more.
As a result, a more open-minded approach to Shakespeare is developing outside the mainstream.
Though Wells and Taylor admitted, “The existing or ‘orthodox’ chronology for all Shakespeare’s plays is conjectural,” their dates match Dowden and Chambers exactly for 24 plays and differ on average by less than two years for the rest.
as is edited by Kevin Gilvary (Parapress, 2010) Determining the chronology of Shakespeare’s plays has been both central and problematic since Shakespeare studies originated in the 18th century.
Edmond Malone, whose work is regarded as the cornerstone of Shakespeare scholarship, made the first serious attempt.
But a “latest date” does not preclude the play’s being earlier, and other Oxfordian scholars suggest that in 1557,” they were republished several times, including in 15, “after a gap of 11 years,” Johnson says, adding that an allusion to this work “would have been less meaningful in the next decade (and it is missing from the 1602 Quarto).” Still other Oxfordian scholars date to no later than 1573.
“Charlton Ogburn sees the wooing of Anne Page by Slender as a comic representation of the negotiations in 1568–69 for the marriage of Philip Sidney to Anne Cecil.